Cloth Finishing: Woollen and Worsted (1927) by John Schofield



A downloadable PDF version of John Schofield’s 1927 book “Cloth Finishing: Woollen and Worsted”.

The author described the work as a “comprehensive textbook on cloth finishing — based on scientific principles but severely practical in intention”.

The book contains a number of illustrations and engravings of textile machinery linked to local companies such as James Bailey (Slaithwaite), William Whiteley & Sons Ltd. (Lockwood), Sellers & Co. (Huddersfield) and E. Mills & Co. (Huddersfield).

The PDF was prepared from a first edition print of the book and the text can be searched.

Please note that this book can also be read online for free. However, if you would like to show your support for the Huddersfield Exposed web site and enable us to continue digitising historic material, all of the income will be used to help secure more items. Whenever possible, the items will then be donated to one of the local public archives so that they are preserved for future generations.

The PDF contains 788 pages and has a file size of 87MB.


The Huddersfield Exposed web site asserts no copyright over this digitised version of the book. Once you have purchased and downloaded the PDF, you are free to do anything you want with it. However, we would respectfully request that if you make the PDF available elsewhere, please do not remove or alter the cover sheet and/or PDF metadata properties.

The author, John Schofield, died in January 1945 and his works entered the Public Domain on 1 January 2016. The preface suggests that his son, chemist John Colin Schofield, may have contributed to the work, although the extent of those contributions (if any) is not known. The work is based on Schofield’s earlier publications Scouring and Milling (1921) and The Wet Processes of the Wool Industries (1925).


A sample PDF which includes the table of contents and the first chapter can be downloaded here if you’d like to “try before you buy”.

Tables of Contents

  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Water and Steam in the Scouring Shed (page 3)
  • Chapter 2. Wool and Chemical Reagents (page 51)
  • Chapter 3. The Chemistry of Oils and Fats (page 83)
  • Chapter 4. Soaps and Other Detergents (page 117)
  • Chapter 5. The Theoretical Principles of Washing, Cleansing or Detergent Action (page 143)
  • Chapter 6. Soap Solutions (page 175)
  • Chapter 7. Practical Scouring (page 205)
  • Chapter 8. Milling (page 275)
  • Chapter 9. Minor Processes (page 337)
  • Chapter 10. The Relations of Wool and Moisture (page 369)
  • Chapter 11. The Drying Processes (page 417)
  • Chapter 12. The Chemistry and Physics of the Wool Fibre (page 451)
  • Chapter 13. Textile Cleanliness (page 487)
  • Chapter 14. The Cutting Process (page 499)
  • Chapter 15. The Raising Process (page 527)
  • Chapter 16. The Pressing Process (page 579)
  • Chapter 17. Finishing Routines on Wool Goods (page 607)
  • Chapter 18. Defects, Damages and Stains (page 683)
  • Appendix A: Glossary (page 695)
  • Appendix B: List of Technical Terms (page 712)
  • Appendix C: Selection Questions on Finishing (page 719)
  • Index (page 737)